20 top nonfiction books about history plus more than 80 other good ones

This is one of my 20 top nonfiction books about history.The books listed here do not include the My 10 favorite books about business history (plus dozens of others) that I’ve reviewed on this site. Nor do they include those featured in Science explained in 10 excellent popular books (plus dozens of others) or the Great biographies I’ve reviewed: my 10 favorites. Many of those biographies might also be classified as history, as they cast light on the times in which their subjects lived. I’m omitting books in all these other categories to avoid duplication.

The list below begins with my 20 favorite nonfiction books about history (excluding biographies). Following several lists defined (often arbitrarily) by category that include more than 100 good nonfiction books about history. (If I review a book, it almost always means I read and enjoyed the book. I drop those that disappoint me.) Within each of the several lists, titles are all arranged in alphabetical order by the authors’ last names. Each is followed by a linked title to my review.

You may notice that some authors appear more than once on this list. Among those who have written two or more books here are historians Adam Hochschild, Rick Atkinson, and Ben MacIntyre; nonfiction author James Bradley; and journalists Charles C. Mann, David Grann, Erik Larson, and Blaine Harden.

My 20 favorite nonfiction books about history

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander — The New Jim Crow: reexamining mass incarceration in America

The Invention of Yesterday: A 50,000-Year History of Human Culture, Conflict, and Connection by Tamim Ansary—Understanding human history as an extraterrestrial might view it

The Blood Telegram: Nixon, Kissinger, and a Forgotten Genocide by Gary J. Bass – Nixon, Kissinger, and the genocide history has ignored

The Imperial Cruise: A Secret History of Empire and War by James Bradley – Teddy Roosevelt and the dark side of American foreign policy

The China Mirage: The Hidden History of American Disaster in Asia by James Bradley – “Who lost China?” Nobody.

Big History: From the Big Bang to the Present by Cynthia Stokes Brown – A new approach to the past

Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond – Why is economic development so uneven around the world?

The Jews: Story of a People by Howard Fast—An account of Jewish history full of surprises

The Swerve: How the World Became Modern by Stephen Greenblatt – An historian explains how we came to think the way we do

The Secret War: Spies, Ciphers, and Guerrillas, 1939-1945 by Max Hastings – A revisionist history of intelligence in World War II

Mary’s Mosaic: The CIA Conspiracy to Murder John F. Kennedy, Mary Pinchot Meyer, and Their Vision for World Peace by Peter Janney – The CIA murder conspiracy that ended JFK’s plan for peace

The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate by Robert D. Kaplan – A thought-provoking view of world politics

The True Flag: Theodore Roosevelt, Mark Twain, and the Birth of the American Empire by Stephen Kinzer – The origins of the American empire

The Splendid and the Vile: A Saga of Churchill, Family, and Defiance During the Blitz by Erik Larson—An intimate view of Winston Churchill in WW2

1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus by Charles C. Mann – Astonishing new evidence about the Americas before 1492

One Nation Under Gods: A New American History by Peter Manseau – America’s surprising religious history in a highly readable book

Why the West Rules—for Now: The Patterns of History, and What They Reveal About the Future by Ian Morris – Is history too important to leave to historians?

The Money Makers: How Roosevelt and Keynes Ended the Depression, Defeated Fascism, and Secured a Prosperous Peace by Eric Rauchway – FDR, the gold standard, and the Great Depression

Subversives: The FBI’s War on Student Radicals, and Reagan’s Rise to Power by Seth Rosenfeld – J. Edgar Hoover, Ronald Reagan, and the violence in 1960s Berkeley

The Devil’s Chessboard: Allen Dulles, the CIA, and the Rise of America’s Secret Government by David Talbot – When America’s secret government ran amok

Good nonfiction books about history: World War II

American Heritage History of World War II by Steven E. Ambrose and C. L. Sulzberger—The best short history of World War II

The Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943-44 by Rick Atkinson – Friendly fire and bumbling generals in WWII

The Guns at Last Light: The War in Western Europe, 1944-1945 by Rick Atkinson – “The greatest catastrophe in human history”

Year Zero: A History of 1945 by Ian Buruma – The fateful year when the world stepped back from war

Tuxedo Park: A Wall Street Tycoon and the Secret Palace of Science that Changed the Course of World War II by Jennet Conant—The amateur scientist who helped deliver radar and the atomic bomb

The Unwanted: America, Auschwitz, and a Village Caught in Between by Michael Dobbs — Did FDR betray the Jews of Europe?

Man’s Search for Meaning by Viktor E. Frankl – From the ashes of the Holocaust, a gift of lessons for living

The Secret War: Spies, Ciphers, and Guerrillas, 1939-1945 by Max Hastings – A revisionist history of intelligence in World War II

Operation Chastise: The RAF’s Most Brilliant Attack of World War II by Max Hastings—Bomber Command’s most successful attack on Nazi Germany was not on its cities

The Secrets of the Notebook: A Woman’s Quest to Uncover Her Royal Family Secret by Eve Haas—One woman’s obsessive quest to learn how her grandmother died in the Holocaust

Engineers of Victory: The Problem-Solvers Who Turned the Tide in the Second World War by Paul Kennedy – The problem-solvers who won World War II

The Saboteur: The Aristocrat Who Became France’s Most Daring Anti-Nazi Commando by Paul Kix—A story of an anti-Nazi commando worthy of Hollywood

The Last Ditch: Britain’s Secret Resistance and the Nazi Invasion Plans by David Lampe—Why Hitler didn’t invade Great Britain

In the Garden of Beasts: Love, Terror, and an American Family in Hitler’s Berlin by Erik Larson – Why the U.S. failed to speak out against the rise of Hitler’s Germany

Churchill’s Shadow Raiders: The Race to Develop Radar, WWII’s Invisible Secret Weapon by Damien Lewis—How German radar technology helped Britain win World War II

Double Cross: The True Story of the D-Day Spies by Ben MacIntyre – A new spin on why the Normandy invasion succeeded

Operation Mincemeat: How a Dead Man and a Bizarre Plan Fooled the Nazis and Assured Allied Victory by Ben MacIntyre – How the Allies fooled the Nazis with a corpse and assured victory

Rogue Heroes: The History of the SAS, Britain’s Secret Special Forces Unit that Sabotaged the Nazis and Changed the Nature of War by Ben MacIntyre – The story of the original special forces

Forgotten Ally: China’s World War II, 1937-1945 by Rana Mitter—A gripping history of China in World War II

Madame Fourcade’s Secret War: The Daring Young Woman Who Led France’s Largest Spy Network Against Hitler by Lynne Olson—The truth about the French Resistance, dug out of old records

A Game of Birds and Wolves: The Ingenious Young Women Whose Board Game Helped Win World War II by Simon Parkin—How wargames helped win World War II

From Kraków to Berkeley: Coming Out of Hiding by Anna Rabkin—“Survival is sweet revenge:” The odyssey of a Holocaust survivor

The Last Jew of Treblinka by Chil Rajchman—A moving death camp survivor’s memoir

1944: FDR and the Year That Changed History by Jay Winik – The sad story of FDR’s complicity with the Holocaust

Good nonfiction books about history: American history

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander — The New Jim Crow: reexamining mass incarceration in America

Fantasyland: How America Went Haywire by Kurt Andersen – Conspiracy theories, fake news, and other delusions in American history

Boom Town: The Fantastical Saga of Oklahoma City, Its Chaotic Founding… Its Purloined Basketball Team, and the Dream of Becoming a World-class Metropolis by Sam Anderson—America revealed through the lens of a single mid-sized city

The Blood Telegram: Nixon, Kissinger, and a Forgotten Genocide by Gary J. Bass – Nixon, Kissinger, and the genocide history has ignored

The Rest of Us”: The Rise of America’s Eastern European Jews by Stephen Birmingham—Start here to understand Jews in America

Republican Gomorra: Inside the Movement That Shattered the Party by Max Blumenthal – When religion dominated the views of American conservatives

The Imperial Cruise: A Secret History of Empire and War by James Bradley – Teddy Roosevelt and the dark side of American foreign policy

The China Mirage: The Hidden History of American Disaster in Asia by James Bradley – “Who lost China?” Nobody.

The Black Calhouns: From Civil War to Civil Rights with One African American Family by Gail Lumet Buckley – Living the African-American experience

The Longest War: Inside the Enduring Conflict Between America and Al-Qaeda by Peter L. Bergen – The conflict between the U.S. and Al Qaeda

Black Against Empire: The History and Politics of the Black Panther Party by Joshua Bloom and Waldo E. Martin III – Berkeley in 1969: Black Panthers, the FBI, and the Vietnam War

Let the People Rule: Theodore Roosevelt and the Birth of the Presidential Primary by Geoffrey Cowan—Teddy Roosevelt: progressive, champion of primary elections, and a racist

The Twilight War: The Secret History of America’s Thirty-Year Conflict with Iran by David Crist – The ugly US-Iran war, past, present, and future

Golden Gates: Fighting for Housing in America by Conor Dougherty—Why are so many homeless in America?

Zeitoun by Dave Eggers – Life in the maelstrom of Hurricane Katrina

The Teacher Wars: A History of America’s Most Embattled Profession by Dana Goldstein – Teacher training, normal schools, and “bad teachers”

Killers of the Flower Moon: The Osage Murders and the Birth of the FBI by David Grann – The case that helped put the FBI on the map

Game Change: Obama and the Clintons, McCain and Palin, and the Race of a Lifetime by John Heilemann and Mark Halperin – A stirring account of the watershed 2008 election

Rebel Cinderella: From Rags to Riches to Radical, the Epic Journey of Rose Pastor Stokes by Adam Hochschild—Early 20th-century America viewed through the life of one extraordinary woman

Mary’s Mosaic: The CIA Conspiracy to Murder John F. Kennedy, Mary Pinchot Meyer, and Their Vision for World Peace by Peter Janney – The CIA murder conspiracy that ended JFK’s plan for peace

The True Flag: Theodore Roosevelt, Mark Twain, and the Birth of the American Empire by Stephen Kinzer – The origins of the American empire

Transaction Man: The Rise of the Deal and the Decline of the American Dream by Nicholas Lemann—Economic inequality deconstructed in a brilliant historical study

Neither Snow nor Rain: A History of the United States Postal Service by Devin Leonard – An entertaining history of the post office

Dead Wake: The Last Crossing of the Lusitania by Erik LarsonWhen a U-boat sank the Lusitania and changed history

Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right’s Stealth Plan for America by Nancy MacLean – Historical perspective on “the vast Right-Wing conspiracy”

One Nation Under Gods: A New American History by Peter Manseau – America’s surprising religious history in a highly readable book

Dark Money: The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right by Jane Mayer — How the Koch brothers are revolutionizing American politics

A Country of Vast Designs: James K. Polk, the Mexican War, and the Conquest of the American Continent by Robert W. Merry – The President who launched the Mexican-American War

Right Out of California: The 1930s and the Big Business Roots of Modern Conservatism by Kathryn S. Olmsted – How today’s conservatism grew in the cotton fields of California

A Bright and Guilty Place: Murder, Corruption, and L.A.’s Scandalous Coming-of-Age by Richard Rayner – Murder and corruption under Hollywood’s bright lights

Infamy: The Shocking Story of the Japanese-American Internment in World War II by Richard Reeves – The shameful story of Japanese-American Internment in WWII

Top Secret America: The Rise of the New American Security State by Dana Priest and William M. Arkin — The shocking reality behind the secret US war on “terror”

Subversives: The FBI’s War on Student Radicals, and Reagan’s Rise to Power by Seth Rosenfeld – J. Edgar Hoover, Ronald Reagan, and the violence in 1960s Berkeley

Counterstrike: The Untold Story of America’s Secret Campaign Against Al Qaeda by Eric Schmitt and Thom Shanker – Understanding the secret American campaign against Al Qaeda

Game Changers: Twelve Elections That Transformed California by Steve Swatt, with Susie Swatt, Jeff Raimundo, and Rebecca LaVally – 12 elections that were game changers

Season of the Witch: Enchantment, Terror, and Deliverance in the City of Love by David Talbot – From the Summer of Love to the Jonestown massacre

The Devil’s Chessboard: Allen Dulles, the CIA, and the Rise of America’s Secret Government by David Talbot – When America’s secret government ran amok

The Outpost: An Untold Story of American Valor by Jake Tapper – How the U.S. military wages war in Afghanistan

Corruption in America: From Benjamin Franklin’s Snuff Box to Citizens United by Zephyr Teachout – Citizens United, bribery, and corruption in America

American Heiress: The Wild Saga of the Kidnapping, Crimes, and Trial of Patty Hearst by Jeffrey Toobin – The kidnapping that shook America

Kill Anything That Moves: The Real American War in Vietnam by Nick Turse – A wrenching view of how the U.S. military fought the Vietnam War

Good nonfiction books about history: Big History

A Most Improbable Journey: A Big History of Our Planet and Ourselves by Walter Alvarez – The unlikely story of life on Earth

The Invention of Yesterday: A 50,000-Year History of Human Culture, Conflict, and Connection by Tamim Ansary—Understanding human history as an extraterrestrial might view it

Empire of Cotton: A Global History by Sven Beckert – Capitalism reexamined from an historical perspective

The World in a Grain: The Story of Sand and How It Transformed Civilization by Vince Beiser—We never think about it, but our civilization is built on sand

Big History: From the Big Bang to the Present by Cynthia Stokes Brown – A new approach to the past

Origin Story: A Big History of Everything by David Christian—A survey of Big History by the man who created the field

Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond – Why is economic development so uneven around the world?

The Year 1000: When Explorers Connected the World—and Globalization Began by Valerie Hansen—When did globalization begin?

Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind, by Yuval Noah Harari – Exploring the arc of history over 70,000 years

Paper: Paging Through History by Mark Kurlansky – More than you ever wanted to know about the history of paper

1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus by Charles C. Mann – Astonishing new evidence about the Americas before 1492

1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created by Charles C. Mann – After the Columbian Exchange, nothing was ever the same

Why the West Rules—for Now: The Patterns of History, and What They Reveal About the Future by Ian Morris – Is history too important to leave to historians?

Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States by James C. Scott – This book will challenge everything you know about ancient history

Good nonfiction books about history: espionage and cyber war

The Angel: The Egyptian Spy Who Saved Israel by Uri Bar-Joseph – An extraordinary episode in Israeli history

In the Enemy’s House: The Secret Saga of the FBI Agent and the Code Breaker Who Caught the Russian Spies by Howard Blum – How the Soviet atomic spies were caught

The Spy Who Couldn’t Spell: A Dyslexic Traitor, an Unbreakable Code, and the FBI’s Hunt for America’s Stolen Secrets by Yudhijit Bhattacharjee – Before Edward Snowden was “The Spy Who Couldn’t Spell”

The Zhivago Affair: The Kremlin, the CIA, and the Battle Over a Forbidden Book by Peter Finn and Petra Couvée—How a novel helped speed the collapse of the Soviet Union

The Billion Dollar Spy: A True Story of Cold War Espionage and Betrayal by David E. Hoffman – A gripping true-life tale of Cold War spycraft

Dark Territory: The Secret History of Cyber War by Fred Kaplan — The secret history of cyber war

Avenue of Spies: A True Story of Terror, Espionage, and One American Family’s Heroic Resistance in Nazi-Occupied Europe by Alex Kershaw – A revealing account of life under the Nazis in occupied Europe

Surveillance Valley: The Secret Military History of the Internet by Yasha Levine – Shocking revelations: the secret military history of the Internet

Patriotic Betrayal: The Inside Story of the CIA’s Secret Campaign to Enroll American Students in the Crusade Against Communism by Karen M. Paget – How the CIA infiltrated the National Student Association

Operation Shakespeare: The True Story of an Elite International Sting by John Shiffman – How Homeland Security went abroad to capture an Iranian arms dealer

Spies in Palestine: Love, Betrayal, and the Heroic Life of Sarah Aaronsohn by James Srodes—The female Jewish spy who helped pave the way to the State of Israel

Good books about history: European history

Versailles: A History by Robert B. Abrams—History versus fiction: How Netflix’s Versailles distorts the facts

The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914 by Christopher Clark – Does history repeat itself? A Cambridge University historian wonders

Conan Doyle for the Defense: The True Story of a Sensational British Murder, a Quest for Justice, and the World’s Most Famous Detective Writer by Margalit Fox – How Sherlock Holmes foreshadowed today’s “scientific detecting”

The House by the Lake: One House, Five Families, and a Hundred Years of German History by Thomas Harding – An intimate take on 20th-century German history

To End All Wars: A Story of Loyalty and Rebellion, 1914-1918 by Adam Hochschild – World War I: Learning history the hard way

Spain in Our Hearts: Americans in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939 by Adam Hochschild — The American role in the Spanish Civil War

The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians by Peter Heather – Roman generals, barbarians, and a compulsive historian to tell the tale

The Death of Democracy: Hitler’s Rise to Power and the Downfall of the Weimar Republic by Benjamin Carter Hett – How democracy died in Germany: is there a lesson for America today?

1919 Versailles: The End of the War to End All Wars by Charles L. Mee, Jr.—The World War I peace treaty that led to World War II

A Very English Scandal: Sex, Lies, and a Murder Plot at the Heart of the Establishment by John Preston – The political scandal that roiled the British Establishment

Hell and Good Company: The Spanish Civil War and the World It Made, by Richard Rhodes – An outsider’s take on the Spanish Civil War

Pogrom: Kishinev and the Tilt of History by Steven J. Zipperstein – In a prelude to the Holocaust, the Kishinev pogrom shocked the world

Good books about history: economic and business history

The Summit: Bretton Woods, 1944: J. M. Keynes and the Reshaping of the Global Economy by Ed Conway – The clashing personalities determined our economic history

The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else by Hernando de Soto – Hernando de Soto on property rights, capitalism, and inequality

The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses, and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution by Walter Isaacson – A human-centered history of the Digital Revolution

The Pentagon’s Brain: An Uncensored History of DARPA, America’s Top-Secret Military Research Agency by Annie Jacobsen – The mind-boggling story of America’s top-secret military research

Money: The Unauthorized Biography—From Coinage to Cryptocurrencies by Felix Martin – Misunderstanding money helped cause the Great Recession

The Money Makers: How Roosevelt and Keynes Ended the Depression, Defeated Fascism, and Secured a Prosperous Peace by Eric Rauchway – FDR, the gold standard, and the Great Depression

Good books about history: Asian history

The Patient Assassin by Anita Anand – The story of the Amritsar Massacre that sped up the Indian independence movement

Destiny Disrupted: A History of the World Through Islamic Eyes by Tamim Ansary – The Islamic perspective on history

Zealot: The Life and Times of Jesus of Nazareth by Reza Aslan – Jesus of Nazareth and the origins of anti-Semitism

A History of Future Cities by Daniel Brook—Urbanization, globalization and the future of humanity

Occidentalism: The West in the Eyes of Its Enemies by Ian Buruma and Avishai Margalit – Why do so many people hate Western values?

Big Sister, Little Sister, Red Sister: Three Women at the Heart of Twentieth-Century China by Jung Chang—They shaped twentieth-century Chinese history

A Kim Jong-Il Production: The Extraordinary True Story of a Kidnapped Filmmaker, His Star Actress, and a Young Dictator’s Rise to Power by Paul Fischer – Kim Jong Il’s North Korea from the inside out

Spies of No Country: Secret Lives at the Birth of Israel by Matti Friedman—An amazing true story of Israeli spies in the country’s War of Independence

Escape from Camp 14: One Man’s Remarkable Odyssey from North Korea to Freedom in the West by Blaine Harden – A survivor’s eye-opening tale of life in the North Korean gulag

The Great Leader and the Fighter Pilot: The True Story of the Tyrant Who Created North Korea and the Young Lieutenant Who Stole His Way to Freedom by Blaine Harden – Blaine Harden: how North Korea came to be what it is today

A River in Darkness: One Man’s Escape from North Korea by Masaji Ishikawa—Escape from North Korea: a first-person account

Incarnations: A History of India in Fifty Lives by Sunil Khilnani – Indian history portrayed through biography

A Force So Swift: Mao, Truman, and the Birth of Modern China, 1949 by Kevin Peraino – Mao, Truman, and the birth of Modern China

The Beautiful Country and the Middle Kingdom by John PomfretA revealing history of U.S.-China relations

China in World History by Paul S. Ropp – Chinese history in less than 200 pages

My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel by Ari Shavit – A prominent Israeli columnist’s sober assessment: Will Israel survive?

Nabeel’s Song: A Family Story of Survival in Iraq by Jo Tatchell – The Iraqi view of life under Saddam Hussein

Other good nonfiction books about history

Anatomy of a Genocide: The Life and Death of a Town Called Buczacz by Omer Bartov—The Holocaust under the microscope of history

Library: An Unquiet History by Matthew Battles—An impressionistic history of libraries and librarians through the ages

Nemesis: One Man and the Battle for Rio by Misha Glenny – An intimate look at drug trafficking in Brazil

The Lost City of Z: A Tale of Deadly Obsession in the Amazon by David Grann – Pre-Columbian civilization in the Amazon

The Swerve: How the World Became Modern by Stephen Greenblatt – An historian explains how we came to think the way we do

The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate by Robert D. Kaplan – A thought-provoking view of world politics

The Shadow of the Sun by Ryszard Kapuscinski – How Africa came to be what it is today

Factfulness: Ten Reasons We’re Wrong About the World—and Why Things Are Better Than You Think by Hans Rosling, with Ola Rosling and Anna Rosling Rönnlund—The facts, just the facts, about the world as it really is

The Story of the Jews: Finding the Words, 1000 BC – 1492 AD by Simon Schama – Simon Schama on Jewish history from 1000-1492

Pale Rider: The Spanish Flu of 1918 and How It Changed the World by Laura Spinney – Was the Spanish Flu of 1918 a greater disaster than World War II?

How Fascism Works: The Politics of Us and Them by Jason Stanley—Donald Trump’s playbook revealed in a penetrating new book, “How Fascism Works”

For further reading

You may also be interested in my posts, 12 good books about the Holocaust, including both fiction and nonfiction, and 5 top nonfiction books about World War II (plus many runners-up).

If you enjoy reading history in fictional form, check out 20 most enlightening historical novels (plus dozens of runners-up). And if you’re looking for exciting historical novels, check out Top 10 historical mysteries and thrillers reviewed here (plus 100 others).

To check out all 100 of the reading lists posted here, go to Your handy guide to the grouped reviews on this site. Also, you can always find my most popular reviews, and the most recent ones, plus a guide to this whole site, on the Home Page.

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